Nutrients play a significant role in our body functioning. Nutrients are those which body can’t produce. These nutrients your body derive from the food you eat, and they are essential for preventing disease, for your growth, and good health.
The nutrients are mainly divided into two modes: macronutrients and micronutrients.
Macronutrients are required in large quantity, and they are primary nutrients such as protein, carbohydrates, and fat. These nutrients generate energy for your body.
The micronutrients are needed in a smaller quantity such as vitamins and minerals. Following are the main essential micronutrients and macronutrients.
1. Protein Nutrients
Protein is always remaining on the hype for a good reason. It is not only essential for people who are doing a workout but for all, it is essential for good health.
Protein is the nutrient that provides the building blocks of the body. In our body, every cell contains protein, whether it is bone or skin or hair.
The average person’s body weight contains 16 % weight from protein. Protein is an essential nutrient for the growth of your body and health and body maintenance.
For development and proper functioning of hormones, and other important substances, protein is required. We can get protein from amino acids. Some type of amino acids can be created by the body, but there are many amino acids that can only be received from food. Amino acids are needed by your body to function properly. Protein is not used as an energy fuel. The body is able to produce proteins from the foods you eat.
Some good sources of protein are meat, fish, and eggs. We can also get protein from sources like grains, nuts, and beans. The protein need of your body depends on various factors such as your age and activeness.
2. Carbohydrates Nutrients
Carbohydrates are one of the essential need for a healthy body. Carbs provide fuel to your body; it also helps in providing necessary nutrients to your central nervous system and brain. Studies show that carbohydrates protect from various diseases.
You can get carbohydrates from whole grains, beans, and fiber-rich vegetables and fruits. Healthier carbs are good, don’t jump for white bread or pasta.
Fats are considered as a bad nutrient, but recent research shows that healthy fats are good for health and should be a part of your healthy diet. Fat comprises of high calories, but those calories are an important energy source for your body.
According to research, fat helps in various body’s functions such as vitamin, mineral absorption, cells, and movement of the muscle.
It helps you to regulate your blood sugar, reduce heart disease risk, and improve the functioning of the brain.
The essential and unsaturated fats are omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Moreover, healthy fats can be received from nuts, seeds, fish, and vegetable oils.
There are some other essential nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and water. They are equally required for good health. All these together are responsible for the proper functioning of the body and prevent disease.