What are carbohydrates? Why are they always blamed for weight gain? Continue reading because we listed here facts about carbohydrates and its effect on our health.
What exactly are carbohydrates?
1. Carbohydrates Definition
It is a natural chemical compound composed of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen. It has four major groups which are monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Each carbohydrates has 4 calories per gram. Experts recommend having 135 grams of it each day.
2. Carbs role in the body.
The body easily breaks down carbs into glucose which is our main source of energy. It gives fuel for the muscular and central nervous system. This is why you can’t clearly and your body shakes when you skip meals. It can also affect your mood, memory retention, and other brain functions. Low carb intake results to poor decision making. So don’t decide when you’re hungry.
3. Not all carbs are “bad.”
There are two carbohydrates classifications: simple and complex. The two differ in structure and how fast they are absorbed in the body. It is the simple carbs that are known to be “bad” because they are easily digested and absorbed, resulting to weight gain. They contain single or two sugars and that’s why they are called simple. Monosaccharide (found in fruits and milk) and disaccharides (found in some vegetables, table sugar, dairy, and beer). Empty calories like candy, syrups and coke are also simple sugars.
Polysaccharides are complex sugars. They are found in starchy foods like peanuts, potato, peas, cereals, and whole-grain bread. They are not easily absorbed by the body they provide more sustained energy.
4. Carbohydrates and diabetes
According to recent studies, it is not actually the classification of carbohydrates that affect blood sugar level. It is the glycemic index or the carb’s ability to quickly increase sugar in the blood. In other researches, it showed that low-glycemic index foods may not actually affect insulin and sugar level. But it can decrease your triglycerides.
5. Cellulose in plants
Have you observed why that green leafy vegetable that you ate was still there in your stool? This is because plant’s carbohydrate called cellulose and we cannot fully digest them.
6. Snacks with zero carbs
It is almost zero to be exact. There are many carbs you can eat without feeling guilty about it. Celery has only 2 grams in each stalk while a glass of milk has only 10 grams.